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Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

PLEASE READ CAREFULLY! The journal only accepts manuscripts that meet JBM’s format and style. The journal ONLY accepts the manuscript through the OJS (Open Journal System) platform. Any manuscript written in different format will NOT be reviewed. The curriculum vitae should be emailed to:


  1. All manuscripts  should be written in English either American or British style (must be consistent)
  2. All manuscripts should be typed on double side of good quality A4 paper and be 1.5 spaced, except for indented direct quotations.
  3. All the manuscripts have to be made briefly according to research subject and methods, usually between 15 pages with 1.5-spaced, including figures, methods and references.
  4. Margins (left, right, top and bottom) should be at least 1.27 cm, font Times New Roman size 12, except the title. To assure blind review, authors should not identify themselves directly or indirectly in their paper.
  5. Systematic report typically includes the following sections (without number):
  • Title page
  • Author’s name, institution, address of institution and email of correspondences.
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Methods
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
6. Please recheck the appropriate spelling and vocabularies.
7. All pages, including tables, appendices and references, should be serially numbered.
8. Percentage and Decimal Fraction, for non-technical purpose uses percent in text: for technical purpose uses % symbol.
9. Keywords, four key words should be provided at the end of the abstract so that they would be easier to locate in the index.



An abstract, which 150-250 words lengths, should be presented on separate page immediately preceding the text of the manuscript. An abstract should be relatively non-mathematical and provides the detail about the paper’s purposes, research methods and findings as well as its contributions. The manuscript’s title, but neither the author’s name nor his/her affiliation, should appear on the abstract page.



  1. Authors should pay attention about: All tables and figures (graphs) should be put on pages by themselves. Each table or figure should be numerically numbered and fully titled which refer to the contain of tables or figures.
  2. References for each graph should be mentioned in manuscript without any exception.
  3. Authors should point out with notation about which margin that graphic should be included on a text.
  4. Graphs should be easily interpreted without referring to the text.
  5. Lines that refer to sources and notes should be included on the text. Equations should be numerically numbered in parenthesis with align right margin.


Text citation, manuscripts should be cited in an “authors-year system” which refer to manuscript on a bibliography. JBM using APA Styles in citing references in the text. When you use information from another source, cite that source in the text so that readers can easily find the full citation in the References. Either make the citation part of the sentence, or insert it, within parentheses, after the author or their work is mentioned.

First time cited

One author:

  • Andoyo (1990) reviewed research on negotiation and found that it spans many disciplines.
  • A recent study of the effects of caffeine on concentration (Andoyo, 1990) used only male subjects.
  • Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson, 1990).

Note: When citing multiple references, list them in alphabetical order by the first author. Multiple references by the same author are listed in order by date, as below:

This effect has been widely studied (Abbott, 1991, 1994; Kelso, 1998; Martini, 1992).


Two to five authors:

  • Becker and Seligman's (1996) findings contradicted this result.
  • This result was later contradicted (Becker & Seligman, 1996).
  • Medvec, Madey, and Gilovich (1995) examined the influence of "what might have been" thoughts on satisfaction among a group of Olympic medalists.
  • Research on Olympic medalists has shown that bronze medalists are more satisfied than silver medalists (Medvec, Madey, & Gilovich, 1995; Zimm & Abbott, 1992).

 Note: Use an ampersand ('&') between two authors' names when the citation occurs within parentheses, and use the word 'and' when it occurs in the sentence. For articles by multiple authors, cite the names in the order given on the title page.


Six or more authors:

Cite only the last name of the first author, followed by "et al." and the year of publication.

  • Barakat et al. (1995) attempted to ...


Citing the same article in subsequent paragraphs

One or two authors: Use the same format as for the first citation.

Three or more authors: Include only the first author's last name followed by "et al." and the year of publication:

  • Medvec et al. (1995) examined the influence of "what might have been" thoughts on satisfaction among Olympic medalists
  • Research on satisfaction among Olympic medalists has shown that bronze medalists are more satisfied than silver medalists (Medvec et al., 1995).



If you must quote, however, use the author’s exact words and include the page number in the citation:

  • "Our difficulty in regard to sexual selection lies in understanding how it is that the males which conquer other males . . . leave a greater number of offspring to inherit their superiority than their beaten and less attractive rivals" (Darwin, 1874, p. 209).
  • Quotation that refers to institutional work should use acronym or abbreviation; example: (Komite SAK-IAI, PSAK28, 1997)


Citing Secondary Sources

If the primary source is not available, but you still want to refer to it, then give both the primary and secondary citations in the text, but cite only the secondary source in the References.

  • Nguyen and Lee (as cited in Becker & Seligman, 1996) found the opposite effect in children.
  • An opposite effect was found in infants (Nguyen & Lee, as cited in Becker & Seligman, 1996).

Note: For either example, list only Becker and Seligman (the source that you read) in the References.



JBM is using APA Style. JBM recommends MENDELEY software for reference management, but other software such as Zotero and EndNote can also be used. Each manuscript should include references which contain referred manuscripts. Each entry should contain all the require data. Number of reference that used at least 80% are journal from the total references.

Key Style Rules for Journal Article References (see also APA Publication Manual, 6th edition, pp. 169-224)

  • Center the header References. If you have only one source, then use the singular (“Reference”).
  • Use a hanging indent: Do not indent the first line of each reference, and do indent all following lines.
  • Put each author's last name first. Use only initials for first and middle names.
  • List multiple authors of a single reference in the same order they are given in the article. Sequence matters! The order of authors reflects the relative contribution of each person.
  • List references in alphabetical order according to the last name of the first author.
  • In the title of an article, book, or chapter, capitalize only the first letter of the first word, the first letter of a word after a colon, and any proper nouns. (Notice the difference in the next rule.)In the title of a journal, capitalize the first letter of each major word.
  • Italicize the title and volume number of the journal.
  •  Include the issue number of the journal volume only if pages are not numbered consecutively throughout the volume
  • Don't write the abbreviations "Vol.", "No.", or "pp.". Just write the numbers.
  • Put periods after the date of publication, after the article's title, and at the end of the reference.
  • Digital object identifier (DOI): when published, many journal articles are assigned a unique string of numbers, a DOI, that serves to direct readers to the online article, regardless of where it is stored. This number is generally on the first page of the article, and should be included at the end of the citation, after the page numbers.
  • Uniform resource locators (URLs): when no DOI is provided, but the article was retrieved from the web, provide the home page URL of the journal or of the book or report publisher. List this in the citation after the page numbers: "Retrieved from: http://www.xxxxx"

Common Citation Formats in Reference according to APA Style:

 Journal article by one author:

Thompson, L. (1990). Negotiation behavior and outcomes: Empirical evidence and theoretical issues. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 515-332. doi:10.1048/9385-0920.58.2.193

 Journal article by two authors:

Loesche, L. S., & Tsai, S. D. (1998). More organization, less espresso: Effects of caffeine on manuscript length. Human Behaviour, 5, 1-43. Retrieved from


Journal article, three to seven authors:

Saywitz, K. J., Mannarino, A. P., Berliner, L., & Cohen, J. A. (2000). Treatment for sexually abused children and adolescents. American Psychologist, 55, 1040-1049. doi:10.5497/4578-2587.456.2.548


Journal article, more than seven authors:

Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L., . . . Griffin, W. A. (2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother and mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 843-856. Retrieved from


Book chapter (electronic version):

Booth, D. A. (1980). Conditioned reactions in motivation. In F. M. Toates & T. R. Hall (Eds.), Analysis of motivational processes (pp. 77-102). New York: Academic Press. Retrieved from

 Note: See APA manual (6th ed.), pages 202-205, for more versions of electronic book sources.


Book (print version):

Toates, F. M. & Hall, T. R. (Eds.). (1980). Analysis of motivational processes. New York: Academic Press.

Note: If more than one city is given for the publisher of a book, name the most convenient city for finding the book (e.g., if Academic Press is published in New York and London, list only New York for an American audience or only London for a European audience).


Newspaper Article

Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Retrieved from



If you only cite an abstract but the full text of the article is also available, cite the online abstract as any other online citations, adding "[Abstract]" after the article or source name. However, if the full text is not available, you may use an abstract that is available through an abstracts database as a secondary source.

Paterson, P. (2008). How well do young offenders with Asperger Syndrome cope in custody?: Two prison case studies [Abstract]. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 36(1), 54-58.


Data Sets

Point readers to raw data by providing a Web address (use "Retrieved from") or a general place that houses data sets on the site (use "Available from").

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2008). Indiana income limits [Data file]. Retrieved from


Graphic Data (e.g. Interactive Maps and Other Graphic Representations of Data)

Give the name of the researching organization followed by the date. In brackets, provide a brief explanation of what type of data is there and in what form it appears. Finally, provide the project name and retrieval information.

Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment. (2007). [Graph illustration the SORCE Spectral Plot May 8, 2008]. Solar Spectral Data Access from the SIM, SOLSTICE, and XPS Instruments. Retrieved from page=input_data_for_ spectra.ion


Qualitative Data and Online Interviews

If an interview is not retrievable in audio or print form, cite the interview only in the text (not in the reference list) and provide the month, day, and year in the text. If an audio file or transcript is available online, use the following model, specifying the medium in brackets (e.g. [Interview transcript, Interview audio file]):

Butler, C. (Interviewer) & Stevenson, R. (Interviewee). (1999). Oral History 2 [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from Johnson Space Center Oral Histories Project Web site: http://

Foot note

Foot note cannot be used as a reference. Footnote should be used only for information broadening that may distract reading continuity if included in a text. Footnote should be typed single-spaced and numerically numbered with a arabic superscript numeric. Footnote should be placed at the end of the text.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: 0.00 (IDR)
Authors are not required to pay an Article Submission Fee.

Article Publication: 1500000.00 (IDR)
If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

If you do not have funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work.